Accreditation is the recognition that an institution maintains standards requisite for its graduates to
gain admission to other reputable institutions of higher learning or to achieve credentials for
professional practice. The goal of accreditation is to ensure that education provided by institutions
of higher education meets acceptable levels of quality.
Accrediting agencies are organizations (or bodies) that establish operating standards for educational
or professional institutions and programs, determine the extent to which the standards are met, and
publicly announce their findings.
There are two basic types of educational accreditation, one identified as “institutional” and one
referred to as “specialized” or “programmatic.” Institutional accreditation normally applies to an
entire institution, indicating that each of an institution’s parts is contributing to the achievement
of the institution’s objectives, although not necessarily all at the same level of quality.
Specialized accreditation normally applies to the evaluation of programs , departments, or schools
which usually are parts of a total collegiate or other postsecondary institution. The unit accredited
may be as large as a college or school within a university or as small as a curriculum within a
discipline. Most of the specialized accrediting agencies review units within a postsecondary institution
which is accredited by one of the regional accrediting commissions. However, certain of the specialized
accrediting agencies accredit professional schools and other specialized or vocational or other
postsecondary institutions which are free-standing in their operations. Thus, a "specialized" or
"programmatic" accrediting agency may also function in the capacity of an "institutional" accrediting
agency. In addition, a number of specialized accrediting agencies accredit educational
programs within non-educational settings, such as
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Monday, October 13, 2014
2014 DOE Higher Education Accreditation Processes and Policies
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