Tuesday, September 2, 2014

Flipped Classrooms: Learning: Class Time "Flipped" From Lectures to Real-World Applications

Important Developments in Educational Technology for Higher Education

Flipped Classroom
Flipped Learning: Defined
The flipped classroom refers to a model of learning that rearranges how time is spent both in and out of class to shift the ownership of learning from the educators to the students.

Big Change: Class Time "Flipped" to Real-World Applications 
In the flipped classroom model, valuable class time is devoted to more active, project-based learning where students work together to solve local or global challenges — or other real - world applications — to gain a deeper understanding of the subject.  

Information Dispensers: Videos, Podcasts, E-Book and Online Communities
Rather than the teacher using class time to dispense information, that work is done by each student after class, and could take the form of watching video lectures, listening to podcasts, perusing enhanced e-book content, and collaborating with peers in online communities. 

Result: Increased Interaction, Tailored Instruction and Accelerated Learning
Students can access this wide variety of resources any time they need them. Teachers can devote more time to interacting with each individual. After class, students manage the content they use, the pace and style of learning, and the ways in which they demonstrate their knowledge; the teacher adapts instructional and collaborative approaches to suit their learning needs and personal learning journeys. 

Belief: Students Learn More Authentically by Doing

Blended Learning - Inquiry Based Learning
The flipped classroom model is part of a larger pedagogical movement that overlaps with blended learning, inquiry-based learning, and other instructional approaches and tools that are meant to be flexible, active, and more engaging for students.

Flipped Classroom: Pioneers
The first well documented example of the flipped classroom was in 2007 when two chemistry teachers at Woodland Park High School in Colorado wanted to address the issue of students missing class when they were traveling to and from school activities.

Social Media's Impact on Learning
Students were struggling to keep up with their work. The teachers, Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams, experimented with using screen capture software and PowerPoint to record live lessons and post them on YouTube. They immediately observed a dramatic change in the classroom: the focus shifted to increasing interactions and fostering deeper connections between them and their students, as well as between students.

Educational Coaching in Small Groups
Their roles transitioned from lecturers to coaches, guiding the learning of students individually. They observed students as they worked on assignments in small groups, made more accurate assessments about who needed extra attention, and then created mini-lecture videos that catered to those learners.

Free! Flipped Classroom Learning Resources
With a vast array of free resources readily accessible, faculty that are flipping their courses often do not have to create any materials from scratch, but instead focus on curating the best content for the subject matter.

Origin Flipped From Historical Learning Innovations
Whereas many learning technology trends first take off in higher education before seeing applications in schools, the flipped classroom reflects an opposite trajectory. Today, many universities and colleges have embraced this approach, enabling students to spend valuable class-time immersed in hands-on activities that often demonstrate the real world applications of the subject they are learning.

Increased Relevance: Efficient and Enriching - Class Time
Relevance for Teaching, Learning, or Creative Inquiry The flipped classroom model is becoming increasingly popular in higher education institutions because of how it rearranges face-to-face instruction for professors and students, creating a more efficient and enriching use of class time.

Learning Environment - More Dynamic and Social
By reviewing the comments and questions that students pose online, instructors can better prepare for class and address particularly challenging ideas during face-to-face time. The learning environment transforms into a dynamic and more social space where students can participate in critiques or work through problems in teams.

Duke Testing / UNC Confirms Scores Increase 5.1%
Healthcare is moving towards teams of collaborating practitioners; the Duke Institute for Brain Science has used the flipped classroom as a way to develop stronger collaboration and creative thinking skills in emerging practitioners. A study conducted on foundational pharmaceutics courses at the University of North Carolina shows that the flipped environment increased test scores by 5.1%.
Johnson, L., Adams Becker, S., Estrada, V., Freeman, A. (2014). NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium. 

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